What is NSSM 200?
NSSM 200 is White House shorthand for National Security Study
Memorandum. NSSM 200 was the definitive interagency study of
world population growth and its implications for United States
global security, requested by President Nixon in 1974. The study
was undertaken by the National Security Council, the CIA, the
Defense, Agriculture and State Departments, and the Agency for
International Development. Among its conclusions: "World
population growth is widely recognized within the Government as a
current danger of the highest magnitude calling for urgent
measures.... There is a major risk of severe damage [from
continued rapid population growth] to world economic, political,
and ecological systems and, as these systems begin to fail, to
our humanitarian values."